OlehÂ Muhammad Ardhi S.ip Mahasiswa Pasca-Sarjana jurusan Regionalism: Artic Focus di Northern Arctic Federal University (NARFU)
â€œ20 years ago, when the Soviet Union still existed, and the European Union did
not, Mikhail Gorbachev came forward with a vision of a â€˜Common European Houseâ€™,
seeking to unite the divided continent. After two decades of a turbulent relationship,
Russia and Europe are still apart, and the â€˜Common Houseâ€™ is constructed without
Russia, the suspicious neighborâ€(Katinka Barysch)
European Union (EU) has a foreign Policy and its own security which enables to speak and act, as one entity for solving the worldâ€™s problems. In the international worlds, 28 EU member countries have an important value and a greater influence when they act together as the EU rather than act as individual country. This is confirmed by the Lisbon Treaty in 2009 that created the post of High Representative for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy, as well as the establishment of the European Diplomatic Service or European External Action Service (EEAS). Role of Foreign and Security Policy EU is to preserve peace and strengthen international security in accordance with the principles of the UN Charter; encourage international cooperation; and develop and consolidate democracy and the rule of law and respect for human rights, and the fundamental freedoms. Now the question is rising, does the EUâ€™s foreign policy work or not.
Now days, cannot be denied that EU is one of the most important player in the international issues. EUâ€™s foreign policy presents in almost all of the worldâ€™s issue problems, ranging from global warming until worldâ€™s conflict. They use diplomacy as a basic for their foreign policy which supported by trade, defense and security, and financial aid to resolve conflict and achieve the international understanding. The potency of EU (economic, trade, finance aspect) which consist 28 member states makes a major force in the world. The EU plays an important role in global issues and becomes the greater importance due to the European Union countries increasingly make decisions together foreign policy. EU sent missions such as the maintenance of world peace in Aceh (Indonesia) in 2004, in Georgia in 2008, the provision of humanitarian assistance in Kosovo in 2009, sponsoring Democratization in the Arab (Arab Spring) 2011, made the decision to isolate Iran and etc. The question, can that foreign policy affective to the strong and independent country such as Russia.
For the case EU and Russia seems not easy. As the sentence quoted above, the ongoing of strategic partnership between EU and Russia impresses â€œebb and flowâ€. EU and Russia share many common in economic and political things. On the other hand, the two political entities also have a variety of differences and the perception and implementation of democratic valueâ€‹â€‹, political and law enforcement standards. PCA (Partnership and Cooperation Agreement), which signed in 1997 between EU and Russia, becomes an important point or â€œcornerstoneâ€ in managing the relationship between those actors. Even though many analysts said that the pattern of relations of those actors is more inclined asymmetric, but the fact is EU is a major trading partner of Russia, and Russia is a major supplier of energy needs of the EU. Russia has been supplying the energy needs of the EU some 50 percent of EU gas demand and 30 percent of its crude needs the EU. By 2030, Russia is expected to meet 70 percent of the total energy needs of the EU. But now, United States (US) asks EU to â€œisolateâ€ the biggest trade partner due to the annexed the Crimea and allegedly helped the separatist movement in Ukraine.